Progesterone is the hormone that is produced by the ovaries, which are the two glands in the female reproductive system which contain eggs. It makes the lining of your uterus grow thicker so that a fertilized egg can implant itself inside of the uterus and grow into a newborn.
The progesterone test would measure the level of progesterone in a sample of blood.
When you don’t become pregnant, your progesterone levels have fallen, the lining of your uterus will eventually become thinner again and your uterus will begin to get rid of the extra blood and tissue. After that, your menstrual period will start.
When you become pregnant, your progesterone levels will continue to rise to about ten times higher than usual to support your pregnancy.
When you have high levels of progesterone, it would prevent your uterus from squeezing and causing preterm labor. Most of the progesterone you would need for a healthy pregnancy is made by the placenta. The placenta is an organ which grows in the uterus and provides nutrients and oxygen to the unborn baby.
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The Progesterone test is very useful because it helps in finding the cause of female infertility and checks to find out if fertility treatments are working, It checks for the risk of a miscarriage or loss of a pregnancy before 20 weeks, it diagnoses an ectopic pregnancy, it checks the health of a high-risk pregnancy, and it diagnoses ovarian cancer or any problem with the adrenal glands.
The interpretation of the test results depends on why you had the test carried out and where you were in your menstrual cycle when your blood sample was taken for the test.
A High progesterone level would also be a sign of a molar pregnancy. A molar pregnancy is an abnormal growth of tissue in the uterus. It is affected by a fertilized egg that has such severe genetic problems that it cannot become a newborn. The growth can turn into cancer and needs to be eliminated.
A normal progesterone test results can be found in the ranges of postmenopausal women, men, and women at the beginning of their menstrual cycle, women that 1 ng/mL or under and women in the middle of their menstrual cycle, pregnant women 5 to 20 ng/mL who are in their first trimester, pregnant women 11.2 to 90 ng/mL in their second trimester and pregnant women 25.6 to 89.4 ng/mL in their third trimester.
Abnormal tests fall outside the normal ranges. In most cases, an abnormal test result indicates normal fluctuations in your progesterone levels. Your progesterone levels tend to fluctuate a lot, even over a single day. In other cases, abnormally high or low progesterone levels may be an indication of an underlying health problem.
High progesterone levels are caused by ovarian cancer, adrenal cancer, congenital adrenal hyperplasia and a group of disorders which may affect your adrenal gland. Low progesterone levels on the other hand are caused by a lack of periods, failure to ovulate, an ectopic pregnancy, a miscarriage and fetal death.
What not to do before taking a progesterone blood test
- Avoid chronic stress
- Avoid poor nutrition
- Avoid insufficient exercise
Ensuring that you stick to a proper diet and stress management is necessary to get a normal progesterone level. Taking diets with high sugar intake would lessen progesterone. You must maintain the hormone within a normal and healthy range.
In conclusion, Progesterone is a hormone that is very important for menstruation, pregnancy, and the production of sperm. It is produced in a variety of locations, including the corpus luteum, placenta, and adrenal glands. Progesterone levels fluctuate during a cycle and reach high levels during pregnancy. Nonetheless, if levels get too low, it can lead to health issues, including infertility.