One of the known causes of Male infertility is low sperm production, abnormal sperm function or blockages that deter the delivery of sperm. Other responsible factors include hereditary or non-hereditary Illnesses, inherited disorders, hormonal imbalances, dilated veins around the testicle- a condition that blocks the passage of sperm, injuries and trauma, chronic health conditions problems, lifestyle choices and other factors that may contribute to male infertility.
Even though the obvious evidence of male infertility is the inability to give birth to a child, other symptoms include of infertility may include :
- Difficulty with ejaculation and ejaculating small volumes of fluid ejaculated
- Reduced sexual desire and difficulty maintaining an erection (erectile dysfunction)
- Pain, swelling or a lump around the testicle area
- Intermittent respiratory infections
- Inability to smell
- Abnormal breast growth which is also known as gynecomastia
- Reduction in facial or body hair or other indications of a chromosomal or hormonal abnormality
- Having a sperm count that comprises fewer than 15 million sperm per millilitre semen or a total sperm count that releases less than 39 million per ejaculate.
Some medical explanations for Infertility in men include:
This happens when swelling of the veins drains the testicle. Varicoceles can lead to less sperm quantity and quality. Even though the exact rationale that varicoceles cause infertility is unspecified, it is possibly attributed to abnormal blood flow.
Some Infections that can result in infertility include inflammation of the epididymis (epididymitis) or testicles (orchitis) and some sexually transmitted infections like gonorrhea or HIV. Some infections have been known to result in permanent testicular damage while others would not if quickly detected.
Problem with Ejaculation
Semen is supposed to come out of the tip of a penis during sex. However, when semen enters the bladder during orgasm instead of coming out of the tip of a penis, it is known as Retrograde ejaculation.
The causes of Retrograde ejaculation include health conditions like diabetes, spinal injuries, medications, and surgery carried out on the bladder, prostate or urethra.
Attack on Sperm by some Antibodies
In the system of some males, there are some Anti-sperm antibodies. These Anti-sperm antibodies are immune system cells which can mistakenly identify sperm as harmful invaders and make attempts to eliminate them. These may sound strange but they do exist.
Cancerous and nonmalignant tumours are inclined to affect the male reproductive organs rapidly. This occurs in glands responsible for discharging hormones associated with reproduction, such as the pituitary gland, or through unusual causes.
In some cases, when medical processes such as surgery, radiation or chemotherapy are used to treat tumours, it can also affect male fertility.
The problem of Undescended testicle
During foetal development in males, when one or both of their testicles fail to naturally descend from the abdomen into the sac which is responsible for carrying the testicles (scrotum), it could lead to infertility.
In the male reproductive organ, issues like Low testosterone or male hypogonadism and other hormonal issues in men have many possible justifications.
Infertility which results from hormone imbalance can be caused by disorders of the testicles themselves or an anomaly involving other hormonal systems like the hypothalamus, pituitary, thyroid and adrenal glands.
Defects that occur to the tubules responsible for transporting sperm
A lot of tubes are responsible for carrying sperm and they can be blocked due to many reasons. These reasons may include inadvertent trauma from surgery, having previous infections, some abnormal development like cystic fibrosis or any other inherited conditions.
Environmental factors like Heavy metal exposure, Industrial chemicals, Overheating the testicles, and exposure to industrial chemicals can lead to infertility.
Finally, lifestyle practices like smoking, drinking, drug use and being overweight can contribute to infertility.
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